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Archimedes 10" f/5.4

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My first Dobsonian

- Sharp bright images
- Easy to transport
- Quick set up without tools
- Buttery smooth operation

 In Saarmund






Inspired by the Sky & Telescope article in June 1990 about Tom and Jeannie Clark's 14.5-inch "Pocket Scope", I decided to mount my first self made mirror, a 10" f/5.4 as a Dobson. In Germany at that point in time Dobsonians were seen as exotic light collecting potato cases and not as precision instruments. For me, it was the only way to go. Many others changed their mind too after looking trough it and asked themselves, why they spend so much money for their  4" Zeiss refractors. Today 60% of all scopes at European telescope meetings are Dobsonians!

I tested the mirror with a rudimentary Foucault Tester of a piece courtain rod +bicycle bulb on mimileter paper (see original test chart from 1990 and later FugureXP analysis with the original data). An interferometer test in 2021 reveald a good match with the old method (see also comparison tests old against new in mein aller erster Spiegel in the forum Astrotreff).

Many years later I remounted this mirror into the much more compact version "Travel Archimedes" and made for this initial one a new 10" f/6.25 planetary mirror. It became a really good one at approx. Lambda/10 wave (see Foucault test analysis.pdf). Though, it is amazing, how sensitive the star test is: I still can see defects in extrafocal images. 

Following the Clark design, the focuser is removable with 2 hand knobs in order to make the secondary cage fit into the mirror box which fits itself  with the trunnions removed into the rocker. The collapsed box is 40 x 40 x 50 cm (16" x 16" x 20") and can be transported in an airplane, as I did on a trip to Tenerife. 

Since I used 15 mm (0.6") Birch plywood for the mirror box and rocker and a heavy 80 mm finder, the total weight went up 28 kg (62 pounds). Later I replaced the annoying star diagonal finder by a Telrad, as you see in this pictures at left. What a difference to the latter travel design at 10 kg (22 lb), but at star parties other people feel more comfortable, to hold some more material in their hands.

The diagonal is 54 mm (2.14"), so at 21% linear obstruction not very small. I am not enthusiastic about exceedingly small secondaries, the mirror Quality is what really makes the difference. It's kept in place by a Novak secondary holder and spider. 

The trusses are fixed at the top and low end with 17 mm (0.67") aluminum studs with a bore to accept the M6 (0.24") bolts. The studs are epoxied into the trusses. This method is very stable and keeps collimation, but requires to screw and unscrew the 16 clamp knobs. See the later developments at my other designs. Despite that, with some practice, set up still takes no more than 8 minutes.

The altitude trunnions are covered with smooth polyurethane laminate which shows a bit more friction, but works fine in combination with the relatively small diameter bearings. In the following minimalist designs I used larger bearings. For the azimuth I changed later to pebbled "gold coated" aluminum sheet, which proved superior.

For finding the objects and for wide field observations I mounted initially a Lumicon 80 mm Super Finder at the seconday cage. The finder had a lot light gathering power, but I was too much confused by the mirror reserved image due to the diagonal mirror. In that time affortable Amici prisms were not available. So, I changed to a Telrad Finder as seen in this images.

If you consider, to build your own first Dobsonian, there is not much to make wrong, if you follow a similar design. 

Be aware, that a minimalist Dobsonian is by comparison for several reasons by far more difficult to make:
- Need to know the balance point in advance
- Develop a good feeling for material thickness and stability
- Experience in system stiffness and vibrations
- Choosing more exotic materials at higher cost

 In memory: My very first mirror in Astrotreff Forum (German).

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